The second birth of the ancient Tasmanian civilization, whose past was extremely cruel

Saturday, November 13, 2021

The second birth of the ancient civilization of the Australian state of Tasmania, which had a very cruel past. Some people are frying large ducks on fire in the sand dunes near the northeastern coast of Tasmania. They set up small tents around the bushes around the campfire, where they slept at night.

The fatty meat of the small-tailed shearwater duck has been a favorite of the ancient Aboriginal people of Tasmania (also called Palava). The sleeping pods or small tents set up here this evening are modeled on the type of Palava tents that have been the hallmark of the Aboriginal tribes for centuries.

These small tents are actually the first tourist company in the area to be set up by the local Palawa community. In a sense, these tents are an expression of the region's ancient inhabitants and their culture. These traces of this ancient civilization have been hidden from the world for so long that 21-year-old Thomas, who works as a guide here, has always wondered when this civilization died.

"When I went to school, there were people who swore that the last sign of the Aboriginal tribes of Tasmania was the Truganini half-woman, and now, after her death, these tribes are gone forever," he says.  "I didn't know how to respond to people because I knew very well that I belonged to the ancient tribes here." The story of a woman named Truganini became famous with her death in 1876, when she was the last of the ancient tribes, and these people are gone forever.

These were the days when Europeans had been living on these Australian islands for almost 80 years. After the arrival of European nations on these islands, a long series of atrocities against the Palau community began. Sometimes they were forced into madrassas in the name of 'teaching civilization and Christianity', sometimes they faced the 'Black Line of 1830'.

Under this scheme, white Europeans besieged the entire island of Tasmania in order to capture the remnants of the ancient tribes, but the Palau community cleverly escaped and only two of its inhabitants fell into the hands of the Europeans. ۔ These series of atrocities against the Palawa community are today considered to be tantamount to genocide of the local tribes.

In Australia's 2016 census, more than 23,000 people in the state of Tasmania identified their ethnic identity as Aboriginal, making up 4.6 percent of the state's total population. That's higher than the national average because, according to the census, 3.3 percent of the nation's population said they belonged to the ancient Aboriginal tribes.

The Palawa community's identity has changed dramatically in recent years, with many people embracing their ancient culture over the years and now proud of that identity. In 2014, the government began giving two places in the state of Tasmania two names, the English name and the accompanying name Palava. An example of this is Mount Wellington, which was renamed the Canaanite Mount Wellington. Similarly, the forest found in the northwestern part of Tasmania was renamed Takiana Turkin.

This year, new names were approved for 15 locations in the state, bringing the number of locations in Tasmania to 25 that have been renamed. The Vocalina Walk, a tourism program launched in 2018, has given more and more tourists access to information about the Palau civilization, its villages and its folklore.

In addition, the history of the Aboriginal tribes is now being taught in state schools, and the traditional arts of these tribes are being introduced to the people, including the art of making oyster necklaces and baskets from tree bark and leaves. Are

Caleb Nicolas Mansell, an artist from the Palava community, opened an art gallery in April 2021 in a town near the northwest coast of Tasmania, where works by 19 artists from the community are now on display. He says his gallery is the first to bring Palava art to the world. Nicolas Mansell believes that the way in which the Palau culture has gained a new identity in recent years is due in large part to a movement such as the 'Black Lives Meter', which has led people to realize the ethnicity of Tasmania's past. It was cruel.

"I think we have reached a point where we have to acknowledge this (cruel past)," he said. We cannot move forward unless we acknowledge what has happened in the past. " 'I think the reason for the growing interest of people in (ancient Tasmanian) history is that when we talk about speaking the truth, acknowledging the past and compromising with it, the simplest way is that we Learn to value the past and you can do this through art and culture instead of fighting the past directly.

Sheldon Thomas is one of the few Palava artists who has seen this change in culture closely. Sheldon was one of four artists selected in 2007 to build the pointed boat used by the Palawa people. The artists used scans of five boat models from the 1840s in a museum. He solved this mystery by assembling these models of wrecked boats. The ark built by these artists is now housed in a museum in Tasmania.

Thomas explains that the construction of the Palava boat was tantamount to reviving the world's oldest tradition, as such boats were built by the ancient Tasmanian tribes at least 40,000 years ago, and the plan to build such a boat was such an engagement. Thanks to which he got rid of alcohol all the time. "If I had not done this, I would not be standing in front of you today. I would not be the person standing in front of you today. I am very grateful for (this project). "

Thomas also knows the art of making traditional baskets from the flexible twigs and leaves of ancient trees that grow in the humid forests of Tasmania. "As I get a little older now, I will teach this skill to children as well," he said. I will take half a dozen children from the local school and teach them the art.

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